Art is an intricate language of creativity that is immensely powerful. Speaking this language fluently means understanding all its mediums, tools, and techniques. Often, we overlook one crucial component of this language—Fixatives. This piece is your ultimate guide to understanding and mastering the unsung hero of the art world. We will venture into the in-depth exploration of fixative art, its types, uses, and unique techniques that can help your artwork stand the test of time.
Fixatives, the Protector of Art
A fixative is a solution, usually alcohol-based, used to preserve artworks, maintain the brilliance of their colors, and protect them from smudging or erasing. The use of fixatives is integral in charcoal, pastel, pencil, and chalk artworks.
Different Types of Fixatives and Their Uses
Fixatives are broadly categorized into two types—workable and final fixatives. Workable fixatives are used during the art process. They allow artists to work over them without disrupting the existing layers of the artwork. Contrarily, final fixatives, as the term suggests, are applied as the last layer. They offer a protective sheath to the artwork, protecting it from environmental hazards and maintaining its longevity.
Delving into the Art of Using Fixatives
Careful and informed use of fixative can elevate your artwork. Let’s jump into the step-by-step guide on expertly using fixatives in your art.
Step 1: Prepare Your Artwork
The first step is to ensure your artwork is ready for the fixative. Brush off any dust or unwanted particles from the surface of your artwork.
Step 2: Safety Measures
Always use fixatives in a well-ventilated area, preferably the outdoors. They are often highly-flammable and can be harmful if inhaled.
Step 3: Testing Fixatives
Before you apply the fixative to your artwork, it’s essential to test it on a similar art piece. It will help you understand the effect of the fixative on the colors and texture of your art.
Step 4: Applying Fixatives
Hold the fixative can about a foot away from the artwork and apply it in a sweeping motion.
Step 5: Drying
Once the artwork is sprayed, let it dry. Depending upon the fixative type, it may take a couple of minutes to hours.
Step 6: Storing Artworks
Always store sprayed artworks in a dust-free, cool, and dry place.
Common Mistakes while Using Fixatives and How to Avoid Them
Using fixatives can be tricky. Let’s discuss some common mistakes and how to avoid them.
Mistake 1: Overusing Fixatives
Overuse of fixatives can obscure and dull the artwork. It’s essential to apply only the needed amount of fixative.
Mistake 2: Incorrect Distance
Spraying fixative too close or too far from the artwork can affect its distribution. Therefore, ensure to keep a distance of one foot.
Mistake 3: Ignoring Safety Measures
Ignoring safety measures can be harmful. Always apply fixatives in a well-ventilated area using gloves and a mask.
Effect of Fixatives on Different Art Forms
Fixatives work differently with different mediums. Let’s look at how fixatives interact with various art forms.
Fixatives in Charcoal Art
Fixatives are essential in charcoal art. They prevent charcoal dust from smearing and maintain the tonal quality of the artwork.
Fixatives in Pastel Art
Fixatives in pastel art serve to bind the loosely held pigment onto the surface. However, they might darken or alter the colors.
Fixatives in Pencil Art
Fixatives in pencil art protect the artwork from smudges and light damage.
Choosing the Right Fixative for Your Art
Choosing the right fixative depends on the art medium, desired finish—matte or glossy, and the artwork’s exposure to environmental factors. Some well-renowned brands for fixatives include Winsor & Newton, Grumbacher, Krylon, and Sennelier.
Fixatives may seem trivial but they hold paramount importance in preserving and protecting art. Mastering the art of using fixatives requires practice and patience. Remember, every layer of fixative you apply is a step towards making your artwork timeless.
Let your art speak louder and last longer with the right fixative!